Paragraph on Biodiversity of India!
Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms and the ecological complexes of which they are part, including diversity within and between species and ecosystems. Biodiversity has direct consumptive value in food, agriculture, medicine and industry. India is one of the 17 mega diverse countries, which together possess 60 to 70 per cent of the world’s biodiversity.
India ratified the International Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) on 18 February 1994 and became party to it in May 1994.
The CBD is an international legal instrument for promoting conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity taking into account the need to share cost and benefit between developed and developing countries and the ways and means to support innovation by local people.
It was resolved to evolve an international regime on access to genetic resources and benefit sharing with the aim of adopting an instrument/instruments to effectively implement the provisions of CBD.
The National Policy and Action Strategy on Biodiversity, which seeks to consolidate the ongoing efforts of conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and to establish a policy and programme regime for the purpose, was released by the MEF on 6 January 2000.
The Bio-Diversity Bill, introduced in parliament in May 2000, was passed on 11 December 2002. The main intent of the legislation is to protect India’s rich biodiversity and associated knowledge against their use by foreign individuals and organisations without sharing the benefits arising out of such use, and to check bio-piracy.